A Guide to Climate, Weather, and Seasonality in India

Climate in India

The weather of India is one of a unique kind. The different parts of the country experience different weather conditions at the same time and thus weather-diversity of India is popular across the globe. It is only possible with India that one part is having monsoon while others are covered with snow. So, on visiting India, you may come across different weather conditions depending upon the places on your bucket list, so pack your bag after doing a proper R&D about the climate conditions you are going to face during your stay in India.

The Indian weather conditions are mainly divided into four seasons namely winter, summer, monsoon and the spring. Winters are the most recommended season to a planned trip to India.

But to guide you more about Indian seasons and climate conditions, read till the end.

Summer: (March to May)

Though Indian summer starts from April and ends in July, the heat in the atmosphere starts rising from the end of February and it gradually increases over the months till July. June is known as the hottest month in India and northern India is likely to face the heat more than 40 degrees. In the southern regions, the temperatures may go up to 35 degrees with humidity in the air. Though in the mid of summers signs of Monsoon start appearing yet heat remains constants and the weather becomes relentless with a burning sun, dust, and humidity.

In some parts, thunderstorms and dust storms are common. But the summer is absolute miserable weather if you are planning to visit Northern India. On the other hand, the Indian hill stations have quite pleasant weather even in the harsh summer. So, you can head to Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand to beat the heat. Also, the Indian National parks are best to visit during summers. Goa is another good option to visit in summers.

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Monsoon (June to October)

The monsoon of India is mainly distributed into two: One is southwest monsoon and another one is a northeast monsoon. The southwest monsoon conducts the massive thunderstorms and the most productive rainfall. You can feel the monsoon vibes from early June. In July, the nation gets covered with dense grey clouds. The monsoon ends up in October and many post-monsoon Indian festivals such Diwali, Dushhera and Bhaiya Dooj are celebrated in October.

It doesn’t rain every day during monsoon, but mostly when it does, it rains heavily. The northeast monsoon causes heavy rain in the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Kerala.

The unexpected or heavy rain can cause a great loss to farmers of the nation. And, some parts of the country may face flooding and the outbreak of certain diseases. So, get a vaccination or avoid visiting vulnerable areas if you planning a trip.

Winter (November to February)

Monsoon ends with October and the month of November brings chilly weather. The clear sky along with breezy air mark the entry of winter. The temperature gradually falls down after the exodus of monsoons. January and December are the most chilled months of the season. The temperature decreases as we go from south to north. Some parts of the country even experience snowfall and some never do, it totally depends upon the variety of altitudes.

It is the best season to visit seaside and south of India such as Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala. Visiting India in winters can be the apt time as most of the states have pleasant weather.

What type of clothes you should pack?

In summers, you need to pack light, loose, cotton clothes. You can go crazy with vibrant summery colors between March to June. Bring a few extra pairs as sweat will make it necessary to change a few times a day if you are traveling a lot. If you are going to hill stations, pack slightly warm clothes.

For winters, you need several layers. You need good warm clothes and make sure you cover yourself properly to avoid the cold and shivers. If your trip includes a visit to holy places, make sure you have modest clothes to wear.

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